The World Health Organisation1 stated that iron deficiency is the single most common mineral deficiency world-wide. Therefore in clinical practice, this often results in iron supplementation for various groups of patients:
One of the main concerns in clinical practice is non compliance of iron supplementation resulting in poor management of iron deficiency.
Due to the complexity of iron absorption in the body, dietary factors and heavy demand to replace iron stores, patients often experience gastro-intestinal effects when large doses of iron are taken orally. Consequently, this often makes it very difficult for patients to adhere to regular or long-term treatment.
Many practitioners have experimented with various treatment regimes to overcome this issue, but this still remains a barrier to resolving long-term iron deficiency. The WHO have called for research and investigation into iron supplementation that has higher absorbency, lower dosage and minimisation of side effects to increase the compliancy rates of iron therapy1.
1 WHO (2001) Iron deficiency anaemia. Assessment, prevention and control. Geneva, Switzerland.